Shotokan karate involves a variety of techniques, including blocks, punches, kicks, evasions, throws, and joint manipulations. Shotokan employs a small set of highly refined techniques intended to quickly subdue an opponent or set of opponents. Practice does not emphasize tournament sport, but rather rigorous, traditional training with an emphasis on self defense.
Karate practice is divided into three aspects. Each of these aspects is of equal importance. Hence, equal time is spent on each.
Kihon – consisting of basic blocks, punches, kicks, and stances
Kata – prearranged forms and movements simulating combat situations
Kumite – sparring with opponents